Four varieties of bacteria have been found in the bee bread of the larva: Bacillus circulans, B. coagulans, B. firmus, and B. megaterium. Only the Bacillus genus has been found in the samples taken. Together, these four species were able to hydrolyze starch, ferment glucose, convert nitrates to nitrites, and produce dihydroxyacetone from glycerol. This group of bacteria also lowers the pH of the bee bread. These functions serve not only to protect the larva from other bacteria, but they also digest complex molecules which allow the larva to easily absorb nutrients without expending a lot of energy. The bacteria, in turn, receive a supply of food which results in a mutualistic relationship.[13]
« […] Nous les avons choisis comme partenaire d’affaires parce que l’équipe croit autant que nous à notre proposition de valeur, et parce qu’ils ont les capacités et la volonté de faire en sorte qu’encore plus de propriétaires comprennent les bénéfices de notre offre et se tournent vers nos services », souligne Frédéric Auger, directeur principal, Ventes et Marketing chez DuProprio.

Larger females are able to better control the size of their offspring. As stated in the Life Cycle section, more bee bread leads to larger offspring. Larger females are able to gather more pollen and nectar in a shorter amount of time when compared to smaller females. This means that during rich conditions, the larger females can have larger offspring with greater fitness, or if conditions are poor, the females can simply choose to have smaller offspring. There is a lower limit to how small offspring can be, and thus, smaller females can’t make this reduction or increase in size in response to the environment. Smaller females are still able to exist since larger females can’t take advantage of having larger offspring when the density of nesting grounds is low.[12] To put it another way, larger male offspring are less effective in low density nesting grounds since they don’t have as many opportunities to use their size to fight off other males; thus, in low density nesting grounds, small and large males have similar fitness which means that the extra bee bread which the larger male received served no purpose. Smaller males actually do better in low density areas because they don’t have to fight with larger males as much, and by extension, expend less energy. This lack of a reason to produce larger offspring reduces the fitness of the larger females since they have to dig larger tunnels to fit in, but still produce the same size offspring as smaller females.[12] 

Granby a la fibre artistique développée et tout fervent de culture s’y sentira bien. La municipalité a même érigé un musée à ciel ouvert ARTRIA dans plusieurs endroits stratégiques en harmonie avec le paysage. Une façon originale de redécouvrir sa ville chaque jour! Granby est aussi réputée pour son Festival international de la chanson et sa vie culturelle bouillonnante.

1. Cogeco livre jusqu’à 1 Gbps de vitesse en téléchargement et téléversement à la maison. Offert dans la ville de Trois-Rivières, là où la technologie le permet. Vous obtiendrez jusqu’à 1 Gbps de vitesse agrégée avec 2 connexions filaires/Ethernet au modem 1Gig de Cogeco. Jusqu’à 940 Mbps peuvent être atteints lors de la connexion sur un appareil Internet personnel en utilisant une connexion filaire/Ethernet. Les vitesses de téléchargement et de téléversement peuvent varier en fonction de l’achalandage sur Internet, des périphériques distants, de votre configuration de réseau, de l’utilisation d’équipement sans fil et d’autres facteurs. Les systèmes qui ne rencontrent pas les exigences minimales pourraient ne pas atteindre les vitesses annoncées.
×